Health

Soon, a treatment for aggressive brain cancer in kids

Soon, a treatment for aggressive brain cancer in kids

A team of researchers has discovered a promising target to treat atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumour (AT/RT), a highly aggressive and therapy resistant brain tumour that mostly occurs in infants.

Using state-of-the-art gene editing technology, the scientists from Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago found that these tumours' growth and tendency to metastasize are regulated by a protein kinase called Polo-like kinase 4 (PLK4), which is increased in AT/RT.

They also have demonstrated that an experimental drug, a PLK4 inhibitor, stopped tumour growth.

26 novel genes linked to intellectual disability

26 novel genes linked to intellectual disability

A team of researchers have identified 26 new genes linked to intellectual disability.

The study at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) and Queen's University has implications for the diagnosis and clinical care of those affected, and also adds to our growing knowledge of brain development and functioning.

It may eventually lead to personalised treatments for affected individuals. Interestingly, some of the genes identified are thought to be connected with autism spectrum disorders.

Sewer workers could be at Ebola risk with current guidelines

Sewer workers could be at Ebola risk with current guidelines

Turns out, the guidelines from the U.S. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization might not go far enough to protect sewer workers from Ebola virus.

Research from Drexel University and the University of Pittsburgh suggests that the sewer workers downstream of hospitals and treatment centres could contract Ebola via inhalation.

The study takes the first steps toward understanding the risk that this untreated waste poses to the people in the water treatment process who work in close proximity to it.

Toward more effective treatment for leukemia

Toward more effective treatment for leukemia

The discovery of a protein signature that is highly predictive of leukemia could make way for new and more effective therapeutics, according to a new study.

The University of Vermont study revealed that the activation of a protein known as STAT5 causes competition among other proteins that leads to acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). If a drug could be developed to prevent the initial activation of STAT5 and restore the natural balance of proteins, ALL could potentially be treated more effectively.

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Role-playing disability promotes distress, discomfort: Study

Role-playing disability promotes distress, discomfort: Study

While it may be done for a good cause, a recent study reveals that disability simulations often result in feelings of fear, apprehension and pity toward those with disabilities.

Professionals in the fields of education and rehabilitation psychology have long used disability simulations to try to promote understanding and improve attitudes about persons with disabilities.

Breaking up? Here's the best way to carry out the emotionally difficult task

Breaking up? Here's the best way to carry out the emotionally difficult task

You might know it is the right decision for both of you, but still, breaking up is never easy.

A calm well-intended conversation can turn into an argument as emotions run high or someone can feel hurt, rejected or that the trust has been broken after sharing their life with someone.

Often people who have made peace with their decision still do not know the best way to break off the relationship and wish for some kind of blueprint in how to approach such a difficult situation.

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Why you should start putting salt in your cuppa coffee

Why you should start putting salt in your cuppa coffee

As ridiculous as it may sound, coffee drinkers are now claiming that we should be adding salt - not sugar - to our cups of Joe, if we're not keen on the bitterness.

However alien it may sound, this latest trend is actually backed by science.

A study from the journal Nature showed that sodium ions suppress the bitterness in coffee and actually enhance its flavour.

And while it shouldn't be added to every cup of coffee, if its particularly bitter then a small pinch of salt will help to mellow the overall flavour.

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Researchers discover a protein to provide protection from cancer, HIV

Researchers discover a protein to provide protection from cancer, HIV

A team of US researchers has discovered a protein that can help the vaccinations be more effective and provide protection from cancer, HIV and influenza.

Researchers from Boston University's school of medicine purified a protein - called PorB - found on the exterior of bacteria (neisseria meningidis) and used it as an accessory to provide a better vaccination response.

Moutai becomes world's most-valuable liquor maker

Moutai becomes world's most-valuable liquor maker

All you alcohol lovers! Here's a good news for you guys as a Chinese liquor brand, Kweichow Moutai, best known for brewing the fiery grain-based drink baijiu, has now become the world's most-valuable liquor distiller, overtaking Johnnie Walker's owner Diageo Plc.

Moutai's market value has reached $71.5 billion in Shanghai, after the shares of premium grain liquor -- including 106-proof baijiu -- surged 55 percent over the past year, more than twice the gain for London-based Diageo.

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