Research

A new species of terrestrial crab found in Hong Kong

A new species of terrestrial crab found in Hong Kong

What the CRAB!

The scientists have found a new species of terrestrial crab, climbing trees on the eastern coast of Hong Kong.

The species is described in the open access journal ZooKeys.

All specimens spotted during the survey have been collected at a height of approximately 1.5 - 1.8 m, walking on the bark of the branches at ebbing and low tides.

The characteristics of the newly found species are squarish predominantly dark brown carapace, very long legs and orange chelipeds.

Weaker non-medical exemption policies reduce likelihood of measles outbreak: Study

Weaker non-medical exemption policies reduce likelihood of measles outbreak: Study

According to a new study, places which have weaker non-medical exemption policies for vaccinations can reduce the likelihood of a measles outbreak 140 to 190 percent by strengthening them.

The research was published in Academic Pediatrics.

The researchers also found, that the magnitude of these outbreaks can also be cut in half by strengthening exemption policies for children.

Insulin resistance linked with cognitive performance: Study

Insulin resistance linked with cognitive performance: Study

Higher level of blood sugar and insulin resistance, accompanied by obesity and physical inactivity, is also linked to more rapid decline in cognitive performance, says a new study.

The study, by Tel Aviv University, finds that both diabetic and non-diabetic subjects with insulin resistance experienced accelerated cognitive decline in executive function and memory.

The research, published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, was jointly led by Prof. David Tanne and Prof. Uri Goldbourt and conducted by Dr. Miri Lutski, all of TAU's Sackler School of Medicine.

Dear parents! Store prescription opioids away, out of sight of kids of all ages

Dear parents! Store prescription opioids away, out of sight of kids of all ages

Dear adults, opioids prescribed cautiously for chronic pain should be stored up, away and out of sight of kids of all ages, in a locked cabinet is best, as a study finds most of the exposures occurred among children younger than five years were 60 percent and teenagers was 30 percent.

The researchers call for changes to prescribing practices, increased education about safe storage at home.

Risk score tools can improve stroke prediction in atrial fibrillation patients

Risk score tools can improve stroke prediction in atrial fibrillation patients

A study finds that by combining two independent, scientifically-proven risk measurements, physicians can better predict a patient's irregular and often very fast heart rate risk of stroke or death.

According to researchers from the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Salt Lake City, US, these tools can help to determine the need for blood thinners in treatment.

Sexual abuse may accelerate early puberty in girls: Study

Sexual abuse may accelerate early puberty in girls: Study

A study reveals that girls, who experience physical abuse early in life, may hit puberty eight to 12 months earlier than their non-abused peers, thus increasing their chances of developing depression, substance abuse and teenage pregnancy.

According to researchers, sexual abuse in particular forces the children to physically mature at a faster rate, which is linked to breast and ovarian cancers due to the increased exposure to the hormone estrogen over a longer period.

Drug, alcohol problem leads to increased suicide in veterans

Drug, alcohol problem leads to increased suicide in veterans

According to a new study, veterans who have drug or alcohol problems are more than twice as likely to die by suicide as their comrades.

The research published in the journal Addiction finds highest suicide risks are among those, who misuse prescription sedative medicines, such as tranquilizers. Women veterans who misuse opioid drugs also have an especially high risk of suicide.

Higher use of Social Media can lead to brain imbalance, says Study

Higher use of Social Media can lead to brain imbalance, says Study

Are you one of those people, who frequently check Facebook or Twitter, even while driving or in a meeting? Well, you might have to think about it now.

According to a new study, whenever there is an imbalance between two cognitive-behavioral systems in the human brain, there is a higher rate of problematic use of social networking sites (SNS).

The study got published in Journal of Management Information Systems.

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