Research

How inflammation spreads throughout brain, post injury?

How inflammation spreads throughout brain, post injury?

Researchers have identified a new mechanism, by which inflammation can spread throughout the brain after injury and may play a role in other neurodegenerative diseases.

The findings were published in the Journal of Neuroinflammation.

According to researchers from the University of Maryland School of Medicine in the US, this new understanding has the potential to transform, how brain inflammation is understood, and, ultimately, how it is treated.

Bariatric surgery prior to hip, knee replacement cuts post-operative complications

Bariatric surgery prior to hip, knee replacement cuts post-operative complications

A study reveals bariatric surgery performed on morbidly obese people prior to hip or knee replacement can reduce in-hospital and 90-day post-operative complications.

According to the researchers from Hospital for Special Surgery, this will improve the patient's health, but does not reduce the risk of needing a revision surgery.

The study was presented at the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons Annual Meeting in New York.

Did you know spiders eat 800 million tonnes of prey every year?

Did you know spiders eat 800 million tonnes of prey every year?

A study shows that global spider population - with a weight of around 25 million tonnes - wipes out an estimated 400-800 million tonnes of prey every year, thus making an essential contribution to maintain the ecological balance of nature.

According to Zoologists at the University of Basel in Switzerland and Lund University in Sweden, more than 90 percent of the prey is insects and springtails (Collembola) and furthermore, large tropical spiders occasionally prey on small vertebrates - frogs, lizards, snakes, fish, birds and bats - or feed on plants.

World's oldest plant fossil discovered in India

World's oldest plant fossil discovered in India

A team of researchers has discovered fossils of 1.6 billion-year-old probable red algae in India, indicating that advanced multicellular life evolved on earth much earlier than previously thought.

The study, appeared in the open access journal PLOS Biology, found two kinds of fossils resembling red algae - first type is thread-like, the other one consists of fleshy colonies - in uniquely well-preserved sedimentary rocks at Chitrakoot in Central India.

Vitamin B an unlikely weapon in war against pollution

Vitamin B an unlikely weapon in war against pollution

In the first study of its kind, a team of international researchers have discovered that something as simple as a daily vitamin B supplement could help mitigate the effects of the most dangerous type of air pollution.

The study, which was published on Monday, says that vitamin B supplement could potentially reduce the impact of the tiny particles on the human body, although they stressed that research was in its early stages and the sample size was small.

Attention parents! Kids spending six hours or more on screens at risk of diabetes

Attention parents! Kids spending six hours or more on screens at risk of diabetes

Parents, beware! A study warns, children aged 9-10 years, who consistently spend three or more hours watching TV, using computers and smartphones, are at high risk of developing diabetes.

The findings, published online in the journal of Archives of Disease in Childhood, indicated that one in five (18 percent) said they spent more than three hours on it everyday.

Gene that causes rare disorder Opitz C syndrome identified

Gene that causes rare disorder Opitz C syndrome identified

A team of researchers has identified the gene that causes Opitz C syndrome in the only patient diagnosed with this ultra-rare disorder in Catalonia.

Opitz C syndrome is a genetic disease that causes severe disabilities in patients and has been diagnosed in three people in the Iberian Peninsula, and sixty people in the world.

Google uses Artificial Intelligence to diagnose breast cancer

Google uses Artificial Intelligence to diagnose breast cancer

US tech giant Google has announced that using artificial intelligence to identify breast cancer has borne fruitful results.

Google used a flavour of Artificial Intelligence called deep learning to analyse thousands of slides of cancer cells provided by a Dutch university.

According to CNN, deep learning is where computers are taught to recognise patterns in huge data sets. It's very useful for visual tasks, such as looking at a breast cancer biopsy.

Marijuana helps epilepsy patients combat intolerable medication effects: Study

Marijuana helps epilepsy patients combat intolerable medication effects: Study

A study finds that people with uncontrolled epilepsy - neurological disorder - resort to cannabis products when antiepileptic drug side-effects are intolerable.

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder marked by sudden recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness, or convulsions, associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain.

University of Sydney researchers revealed that 14 percent of people with epilepsy have used cannabis products as a way to manage seizures.

Eating 'whey protein' before breakfast will curb those sneaky cravings

Eating 'whey protein' before breakfast will curb those sneaky cravings

Eating whey protein, a powder to be made into a smoothie, before breakfast can help in preventing Type-2 diabetes by keeping blood sugars under control, suggests a study

The study also found that the whey proteins also made them feel full, helping to curb their desire to have a snack before lunch.

Whey protein is a type of protein shown to have numerous benefits for muscle mass, strength, fat loss and overall health and is found naturally in milk and cheese, reports the Mail Online.

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