Science

A century after their adventure, Antarctic heroes help make discovery

A century after their adventure, Antarctic heroes help make discovery

The research, which says area of sea ice around Antarctica has barely changed in size in a century, was contributed by the heroes of Antarctic exploration.

Ice observations recorded in the ships' logbooks of explorers such as British Captain Robert Scott and Ernest Shackleton and the German Erich von Drygalski have been used to compare where the Antarctic ice edge was during the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration (1897-1917) and where satellites show it is today.

Hop on with frog's evolutionary movements

Hop on with frog's evolutionary movements

A new study, collecting genetic data by an international group of scientists, says that a common species of Asian tree frog may actually be two separate species.

If the two groups of frogs are confirmed to be different species, assigning their scientific names may require searching historical records of foreign explorers in Japan during the 1800s.

Before the frogs are officially recognised as two separate species, researchers will test if individual frogs from the two groups have unique physical or behavioral features and if they can produce healthy offspring.

Toxic amphibian defenses at higher risk of extinction

Toxic amphibian defenses at higher risk of extinction

A recent study published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, found that amphibians which use poisonous defenses are more likely to get extinct than other species.

Research published by a Swansea University scientist has suggested amphibians which have a toxic defence against predators such as the iconic poison dart frogs have a much higher risk of extinction than species which use other types of defence mechanisms.

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India joins CERN as associate member

India joins CERN as associate member

The Geneva-headquartered European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) has inked an an agreement with India that confirms the latter as the latest associate member state of the organisation.

CERN operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world.

An official release of the organisation said that India's inclusion as an associate member state follows CERN Council's adoption of the resolution to this effect on September 15, 2016.

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Researchers convert waste carbon dioxide into biofuel

Researchers convert waste carbon dioxide into biofuel

Carbon dioxide , the most troublesome greenhouse gas, cannot harm the climate anymore as a recent study uncovers new ways to turn the gas into biofuel.

The article has been published in Applied Catalysis B Environmental journal.

Climate change is one of the most serious threats facing the world today. With the effectuation of the Paris Agreement, there has been a rising interest on carbon capture and utilization (CCU).

The study, led by Professor Jae Sung Lee of Energy and Chemical Engineering at UNIST uncovers new ways to make biofuel from carbon dioxide (CO2).

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Study traces origin of respiratory muscle

Study traces origin of respiratory muscle

A recent study published in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences journal throws light on mammal-like reptile s, Caseids and their breathing pattern.

"Evolution has brought up some weird animals, such as the caseids." says Dr. Markus Lambertz, zoologist at the University of Bonn and the Museum Koenig.

Caseids are "mammal-like" reptiles that lived about 300-250 million years ago.

Climate data rescue activities being undertaken in Australia

Climate data rescue activities being undertaken in Australia

A new research draws attention to recent data rescue efforts undertaken in Australia to study the climate and climate change, in the southern latitudes.

The article has been published in published in Advances in Atmospheric Science journal.

Long-term weather data is the backbone of almost all research into climate change and variability.

The recovery of historical instrumental data is a well-established practise in the Northern Hemisphere, where observations are available for the past several centuries in many regions.

Scientists discover two new species of lizards

Scientists discover two new species of lizards

Scientists have discovered two new species of lizards in the Andean highlands of Southern Chile.

The two reptiles, collected from areas of heroic past, were named after courageous tribal chiefs who have once fought against colonial Spaniards in the Arauco war. The study, conducted by a team of Chilean scientists, is published in the open access journal ZooKeys.

'Princess Leia' brainwaves help store day memories: Study

'Princess Leia' brainwaves help store day memories: Study

While sleeping at night, electrical waves of brain activity circle around each side of your brain and are responsible for forming associations between different aspects of a day's memories, found The Salk Institute scientists.

The circular on the surface of your head might look like the twin hair buns of Star Wars' Princess Leia, says a study published in journal eLife.

Scientists discover details about dinosaur-era birds' feather

Scientists discover details about dinosaur-era birds' feather

If you are curious about the birds of dinosaur-era then there is good news as the scientists have recently discovered a new bohaiornithid bird specimen from the Early Cretaceous Period of China with remarkably preserved feathers.

Bohaiornithid birds belonged to enantiornithes, a group of avian dinosaurs that lived millions of years ago.

Our current knowledge of prehistoric plumage is limited, but the new findings provide valuable insights related to structure and colouration.

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